Silk fabric was first developed in ancient China. Legend has it that the Chinese Empress, Xi Ling Shi, was walking in her lovely garden when she noticed a caterpillar: she picked it up and started watching it carefully. She realized suddenly that from the bug appeared a silk thread. The Empress began to wrap it around her finger and felt a sense of delicacy and softness. She looked back and she saw a small cocoon… she understood immediately how to use it. She taught her findings to the people and the news spread.
Silks were originally reserved for the Emperors of China for their own use and gifts to others, but spread gradually through Chinese culture and trade both geographically and socially and then to many regions of Asia. Because of its texture and lustre, silk rapidly became a popular luxury fabric in the many areas accessible to Chinese merchants. Silk was in great demand, and became a staple of pre-industrial international trade.
Satin is a precious fabric with a glossy surface, soft to the touch. The name derives its origin from the major Chinese shipping port of silk. Originally, during the Middle Ages, silk satin was very expensive, used only by the upper classes and in ornaments of the European courts.
Crêpe de Chine is a fine, lightweight silk with a wavy appearance.The peculiar manner in which the weft is prepared, gives to the fabric the waved structure which constitutes its distinguishing feature.
Chiffon is a French type of silk of the nineteenth-century. It 'a very light fabric, it is soft, transparent and slightly wavy.
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Thanks to its natural properties, silk is used in the medical field to avoid dermatitis and allergies and it is defined indeed as a “second skin”.